How does MPEG-Xtreme create its amazingly
small file sizes?

The key to the technology comes from the world of quantum computing. In quantum physics, multiple states or properties for, say, an electron, can co-exist simultaneously as overlapping probability waveforms. These multiple states continue to co-exist until an observer attempts to determine the true state - at which point, the probabiliy waveforms collapse and yield a single value for the property.

Another principle borrowed from quantum physics is the idea of entagled pairs - two particles (such as electrons) that are inextricably linked, such that a change in state of one affects the other, regardless of the separation distance. This is now used in quantum cryptography systems.

MPEG-Xtreme combines these two principles by first creating a superposition of states representing all the data present in the original video stream. This is known at "zero-point exterpolation". The data is extracted from the video stream in a non-linear transformation, and the algorithm analyses all data at the subframe level, resulting in lossless compression.

MPEG-Xtreme then creates an entangled pair representation of the superposed data. In the demo program, only one half of the pair is needed - this is what it actually stored in the compressed .mpx file. To play back the file remotely (after downloading from the Internet, for example), the second half of the pair is transmitted, while the first half is kept on the encoding computer.

For streaming video, the process is repeated, creating as many entangled pairs as are needed for the number of viewers watching the video stream. Since the encoded superposition file is just a few bytes in size, modern servers can easily store almost unlimited numbers of such files.

The key to the technology comes from the world of quantum computing. In quantum physics, multiple states or properties for, say, an electron, can co-exist simultaneously as overlapping probability waveforms. These multiple states continue to co-exist until an observer attempts to determine the true state - at which point, the probabiliy waveforms collapse and yield a single value for the property.

Another principle borrowed from quantum physics is the idea of entagled pairs - two particles (such as electrons) that are inextricably linked, such that a change in state of one affects the other, regardless of the separation distance. This is now used in quantum cryptography systems.

MPEG-Xtreme combines these two principles by first creating a superposition of states representing all the data present in the original video stream. This is known at "zero-point exterpolation". The data is extracted from the video stream in a non-linear transformation, and the algorithm analyses all data at the subframe level, resulting in lossless compression.

MPEG-Xtreme then creates an entangled pair representation of the superposed data. In the demo program, only one half of the pair is needed - this is what it actually stored in the compressed .mpx file. To play back the file remotely (after downloading from the Internet, for example), the second half of the pair is transmitted, while the first half is kept on the encoding computer.

For streaming video, the process is repeated, creating as many entangled pairs as are needed for the number of viewers watching the video stream. Since the encoded superposition file is just a few bytes in size, modern servers can easily store almost unlimited numbers of such files.

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